Chicken Biryani – Famous Indian Rice and Chicken Dish cuisines

This is among the most popular Indian / Pakistani dish which I have had the pleasure to eat whilst I was on a vacation in India.

It is historically kept for special events such as parties, weddings, holidays.

To know more about Biryani we need to go back into the past. An description of Biryani follows…

Mughals great liking for food & the availability of the great choice of Spices in India led to this fusion type preparation.

In the Mughal food traditions, biryani means rice made together with lamb meat but now chicken biryani has also become one of the most popular type of biryani. Even chicken biryani has too several variations and this is the purpose that I am writing the whole article to this delightful dish.

Biryani is a fragrant rice dish prepared from a mix of Spices, Nuts, Cream, Yogurt, long-grained Basmati rice and Meat. This dish is an example off fine culinary art, hence it is cooked with perfection. The name is derived from the Farsi word Birian, which is frying of the rice in oil before washing. This procedure of rice frying makes the rice slightly nutty and it imparts a pleasant taste. Based on the name, and the cooking style the dish originated in Persia or Arabia. Along with huge number of pasttales, biryani is associated with some legends as well. One has it that Timor ‘the Lame’ brought it down from Kazakhstan via Afghanistan to north India. According to another fable, Mumtaz Mahal created this dish as a wholesome meal to feed the Mughal emperor’s army. Gradually this well-liked dish has started leaving its footprint in almos tall Indian cuisines, such as Awadi, Lucknavi and Bengali cuisines. The popularity of chicken biryani is still dominant in the country as well as in global cuisines and various modern cooking styles are incorporated to make the recipe more palatable

There are 2 fundamental types of Biryanis: Kutchi and Pukki.

Kutchi- This technique makes use of uncooked ingredients. Uncooked chicken and raw rice are layered along with spices and curry and kept on low fire to cook. Dum Pukht or Dum is the most refined form of cooking that has been developed and vastly used in cooking of Biryanis. In Dum style, meat and rice is cooked over low-flame without adding water, in the meats own juices and bone marrow.

Pukki- In this technique cooked meat and rice are used Pukki style incorporates the separate cooking of rice and meat, then layering together.

South Indian biryanis are prepared with Kutchi method while North style biryanis are prepared through Pukki.

Though the procedure of making Chicken biryani is time-consuming but the resultant dish is every time wonderful. The secret of preparing a wonderful chicken biryani is all in the spices. I personally recommend using Basmati rice. It’s thin and a fine grain rice which can be used for a variety of purposes.

India’s Unique Strength – Unity in Diversity cuisines

The Republic of India or Bharat Ganrajya is a Sovereign Socialist Democratic Republic country. It is the largest democracy in the world with variety and rich cultural heritage. The great Indian culture evolved during its long history by preserving its ancient heritages of the Indus Valley Civilization, Vedic age, rise of Buddhism, Golden age, Muslim conquests and European colonization. India has a great diversity of cultural practices, languages, customs, and traditions.

India – a vast country

India is a country that occupies a greater part of the South Asian continent covering an area of 32,87,263 sq. km. Bounded by the great Himalayas in the north, it stretches southwards and tapers off into the Indian Ocean between the Bay of Bengal on the east and the Arabian Sea on the west side.

•India is the seventh largest country in the world

•Second most populous country in the world

•Population of more than 1 billion

•India has 28 States and 7 Union Territories

India a diverse country

India is a diverse country and it can be clearly seen in its geography, people, culture and climate. The snow capped Himalayas reaching the skies, the vast area of desert, green rain washed forests, live perennial rivers flowing and the solid central plateau clearly glorify the diversity of its geography. Similar to its vast geography, the Indian culture varies. The food, clothing and habits of Indians differ from place to place but they all live in harmony.

•India has a huge population of about 119.8 crore (Source: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare 2009)

•All the five major racial types – Australoid, Mongoloid, Europoid, Caucasian, and Negroid find representation among the people of the country.

•India is one of the most religiously diverse nations across the globe. Out of the total population in the country, Hindus constituted 80.5%, Muslims 13.4%, followed by Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, and others (Source: Census 2001)

•India has 22 National Languages recognized by its constitution. Hindi and English are official languages. Besides these, there are 844 different dialects that are practiced in various parts of the nation.

•India is a multi-cultural and multi-religious society celebrating festivals of various religions. Some of the festivals celebrated all over the country are Janmashtami, Christmas, Rakshabandhan, Deepawali, Id-ul-Zuha, Ramnavami, Guru Nanak Jayanti etc.

•Indian cuisine varies from region to region, showcasing the varied demographics of the ethnically diverse country. Indian cuisine can be broadly split into five categories such as North, South, East,West Indian and North-eastern.

Unity in diversity

The hallmark of India is its unity in diversity. Its real strength lies in its compactness of culture, firmness of trust and togetherness between Indians. Though there is a huge diversity in physical, religious, racial variety and languages, people from every nook and corner of the country live in harmony with the pride and patriotism of being Indians. People from diverse cultures, surroundings, habits, life-style, preferences, costumes represent one country – India.

Every person, right from his/her childhood would be taught and reminded of his/her role and place in the society. They are taught not only to respect their as well as others culture, tradition, language and festivals, but also to celebrate them wholeheartedly.

Here the Koran, the Bhagwat-Gita, the Bible, the Guru Granth Sahib all will get same respect and honor. Many people (particularly along with friends) visit all the places of worship with same faith and hope irrespective if their religion. Whether it is Diwali, Christmas or ID, most of them celebrate with undivided joy. In fact, almost every family celebrates festivals inviting friends from other religions. Neighbours and friends play a major role in joyous occasions as well as in grief moments. Right from the cradle ceremony to funeral ceremony, Indians with a strong bond of love and friendship share their feelings of happiness or pain.

Every Indian is aware of the fact that Britishers implemented the ‘Divide and Rule’ policy and exploited them for almost 200 years. So they cannot afford to lose their hard-earned independence again. Though there were some instances where people have fought against each other for some reason or the other but such cases very few and only a small, in fact negligible amount of people (with sadistic behaviours) get influenced by this.

How To Improve Your Singing Voice: Drinking Water And Eating A Plant-Based Diet fruit healthTips

When you take care to stay hydrated and feed yourself aright, your voice has the potential of a nightingale, but when you make do with a poor diet, it may inevitably cause you to croak out a song. So it does well to give some thought to your fluid and solid food intake as it will influence your singing path.

Importance Of Water

Nothing beats drinking water, an essential ingredient, especially to a singing voice diet. It should be pointed out that you need to drink water during and before singing for 2 reasons: to soothe as well as moisten your vocal chords and reduce the risk of vocal damage.

Besides, the high water content fruits and vegetables of a plant-based diet – the water-melon, lemons, pears, cucumbers, and turnips – can promote the health of your throat. Moreover, juicing your vegetables is such a huge plus for nurturing a melodious voice.

Foods To Avoid

On the other hand, you will have to keep away from eating deep fried, spicy foods or other foods that require a lot of heat in cooking. The reason is such foods and cooking methods will irritate the mucus lining of the nasal passages.

Additionally, you will develop throat-related problems like clearing your throat regularly to get rid of the mucus from the nasal cavity. So a singing diet is a matter of keeping check of what not to eat, while eating freely of foods that you should.

Benefits Of A Plant-Based Diet

It is clear that feeding on a plant-based diet of fresh, living foods like fruits, vegetables and whole grains will keep mucus membranes of your throat healthy, giving you more energy to sing.

In particular, leafy greens are especially important as they increase the oxygen in the blood, allowing you to remain actively singing for longer periods of time. On the contrary, the low oxygen content of processed foods will make you feel weak and stressed, in trying to sing.

Thus, apart from giving sufficient practice to your vocal cords, your diet does play an important role in developing a really good singing voice. Obviously, teetotalers and non-chimney smokers will find it less of a hassle if they aspire to be singers.

This is due in part to their greater self-discipline when it comes to not eating this or drinking that. For instance, it is best to avoid drinking tea before singing because of its tanic acid and stimulants that swell and dry your vocal chords.

Above all, sticking to a plant-based diet has many unexpected rewards. It can make you a singer and a very good-looking singer for that.

Musical Pairings

Most celebrity singers keep their vocal cords moist by eating and drinking backstage. Some of the more noteworthy demands include: 1 case of Aquafina water for Beyonce Knowles; 2 cases of water for Justin Bieber; 1 case of Smart Water and 1 bottle of Welch’s Grape Juice for Taylor Swift; and a container of guacamole for Lady Gaga.

Such musical pairings do make strange bedfellows!

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What Does Indian Cuisine Consist Of? Difference Between Various Indian Dishes and How to Cook Them cuisines

What does the term ethnic food mean to you? To me, I think of the different countries and the cuisines they have to offer. One such type of food that greatly prevails all others is Indian Food. Well what does Indian cuisine consist of you may ask? Indian food is derived from India and uses a blend of subtle herbs and spices. In this form of cooking, there is a great amount of variation in the meat, vegetables, and spices used. The majority of Indian cooking is made up of vegetables and yet there are several meat and poultry dishes as well. Within India, there are two main yet distinct methods of cooking seen in both North India and South India.

Common Food Found in Northern India:

– roti: a traditional Indian flat bread eaten with Indian curries or cooked vegetables

– naan: resembles the western “pita” bread and is eaten with Indian curries or cooked vegetables as well

– kulcha: another form of tasty flat bread, usually found from Punjab

– tandoori chicken: form of chicken that is marinated in yogurt and tandoori spices, it is cooked in a large clay oven

– palak paneer: cooked spinach with minor cheese cubes and marinated with curry powder

– channa masala: chickpeas smothered in zesty sauce and marinated with curry powders and masalas

Common Food Found in Southern India:

– dosa: a type of South Indian crepe and made from rice and black lentil

– idli: a small spongy cake made from rice and black lentil

– vada: a small snack made from lentils and containing small pieces of onions as well as green chilies

– sambar: a thick spicy soup consisting of lentils and vegetables

As you can see, the above dishes are quite unique from western foods such as hamburgers and fries. In Northern India, there is a considerable amount of curry powder used in specific items. Whereas in South India, the spices are not strong and are much less filling than North Indian food.

Muscle Cramps & Jelly Beans – When a Sugar Isn’t a Sugar fruit healthTips

It’s amazing how many very good athletes don’t consider pre-race nutrition as one of their strategies for winning or at least doing well, injury-free, in an event.

I was speaking to a runner on a few days ago before a race and his strategy was to load up on jelly beans 20 minutes before lining up for a half marathon . . . unfortunately I needed more than 20 minutes to prove to him why this wasn’t a good idea.

Fatigue is certainly an important factor to consider if you suffer exercise induced muscle cramps. The primary source of fuel for the muscle is from carbohydrates and one of the most basic forms of carbohydrate are sugars.

However, when we say ‘sugars’ – people think of sugarcane sugar like in a candy bar or jelly beans. But the truth is that there are certain building sugars for your body and you’ve got to learn to differentiate those.

There’s a family of sugars called monosaccharides, polysaccharides and oligosaccharides and these are the building sugars that you want – not sugarcane sugar, or fructose, or sucralose or syrup or any of those types of things.

A good source of carbohydrate from fruit, in particular, is important to provide muscles with important natural sugars – monosaccharides, oligosaccharides and polysaccharides – that assist with the storage and supply of glucose for the muscles.

And these monosaccharides and polysaccharides help you recover and repair your muscle faster after major exercise or an event. Your muscle basically works like an engine that needs good quality gasoline to perform well and those saccharides are like the gasoline for your muscles.

So it’s very important to have those saccharides and the carbohydrates and electrolytes in those muscle areas so that you can perform more efficiently and prevent cramping.

It’s also so very important to have a carbohydrate meal with saccharides within 30 minutes after your performance. We’ve consistently found athletes that do that – even if it’s just eating some fresh fruit within the 30 minutes – recover faster than athletes that don’t do it.

To start any nutritional program the first place to start is to increase your intake of fruits and vegetables. Most people do not take in the recommended intake of 9 to 12 servings of fruit and vegetables per day and for athletes and people who train regularly this means 12 servings.

A serving is equivalent to a small banana, a medium sized apple, 1 cup of raw salad greens (about the size of your hand), ¾ cup of fruit or vegetable juice (6 oz), ½ cup cooked vegetables around the size of your fist or a baseball and ¼ cup dried fruit.

Just meeting the daily recommendations for fruit and vegetable intake will go a long way towards better health . . . and that extends into physical performance and reducing your overall risk of cramping.

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