1960 Dining Trends in America cuisines

Throughout American history, our cuisine was shaped in part by cultural and world events, along with new technologies. From turn of the century Victorian and opulent cuisine, then into the prohibition and speakeasy cuisine of the 1920s, there have been dramatic shifts in what as a people we ate. Around the time of 1960, dining was a colorful and involved affair that still pops up today at retro parties.

Insofar as national events, there was a cultural rift among the people, while in the international arena, the food rationing of WWII was a thing of the past. In the world of dining, the popular casseroles of the 1950s were passe, and big names like Julia Child and Jacqueline Kennedy introduced elaborate, French-inspired dishes. We also saw the rise of vegetarian and ethnic food movements. On the other side of things, junk food and fast food made their presence known in the world of 1960 dining.

Fine Dining and French Cuisine

In the time of 1960 dining, homemakers began playing with more elaborate, rich dishes such as Swedish meatballs and beef Wellington. At the same time French cuisine became highly popularized largely as a result of Julia Child. The television show of America’s best known chef first aired in 1963, when viewers were mesmerized by her displays of such new dishes as omelets and French onion soup.


Up until the time around 1960, dining did not include a vegetarian option. The new healthy movement that developed was greatly helped by the efforts of the American entrepreneur, Frieda Caplan, who first introduced much exotic produce to the American market. These include shitake mushrooms, mangoes and most famously, the kiwi, common items today, but virtually unknown at the time.

Ethnic Food

Around this time, ethnic cuisine also began to pique American interest. Japanese steakhouses were first introduced around this time, with their theatrics and hibachi style grills. Benihana, a popular Japanese steakhouse that’s still around today, was first opened in 1964. Soul food also was popular at this time, and went along with the widespread soul music of the era. This cuisine originated in the deep South and characterized much of African American cooking. Largely similar to comfort food, soul food dishes included the likes of hush puppies, fried chicken, country fried steak, collard greens and rice pudding.

Junk Food

This is also the time when junk food, like it or not, came into the picture. It was originally aimed at the baby boomers and offered up nutritionally void treats like buffalo wings and fudge cakes. For example, Tang, that sugary powdered orange drink intended for use by the astronauts, was invented during this time.


Another term, “suburban devotion” came to characterize 1960 dining as well. This renewed interest in the home and outdoor entertaining took the form of mixers and barbecues. Theme parties, like Hawaiian luaus, were popular.

Fondue and Flaming Food

Another way Americans spiced up their 1960 dining experience was the introduction of cheese and chocolate fondue, along with flaming foods. Fondue was originally a Swiss innovation, but it quickly became an entrenched part of American culture, as did flaming foods. One dish, steak Diane, was usually cooked tableside, while baked Alaska was a flaming meringue dessert popular at dinner parties. Both dishes lent an air of theatrics to dinnertime.

Chain Restaurants

Now seen everywhere, chain restaurants started popping up en masse in the 1960s, when families started spending their evenings at places like Howard Johnson. Salad bars were also born, while the first Wendy’s was created in 1969.

Flying and Radiation – What Is the Risk? fruit healthTips

As a Flight Attendant with an erratic schedule I am always conscious about keeping healthy. The new cry out there by the general public is the use of body scanners that emit radiation doses. What people really don’t know is the health risk that flying itself gives. Flying gives you more radiation exposure than the body scanners ever will. Two minutes flying at 30,000 feet will give you as much radiation as a body scan! And by the time you are at a normal cruising altitude of 39,000 feet the total radiation is much greater than what it is at sea level. Flying in the upper thinner portion of the atmosphere increases your radiation exposure and doubles with every 6,000 feet of altitude!

For people who don’t fly that much I don’t think this is a concern and remember you can always opt out of the body scanner which is your right. But this can put you at the mercy of a full body pat down, which can be a very unpleasant experience. But for Frequent Flyers and Flight Crews who fly commercial airlines at high altitudes, we are subjected to higher than normal radiation levels from the sun and cosmic rays. And in the event of a solar flare radiation is even worse. This raises a real health risk because we are exposed to more radiation than any other occupation out there!

It is amazing to me why our employers do not educate us about this risk. European carriers make it mandatory that Flight Crews be educated about cosmic radiation. And also I wonder why we are not monitored as most health professionals who frequently deliver x-rays and cancer treatments. It only takes about six or seven trips from New York to Narita Japan to exceed the general public limits. That is more than any health professional gets that delivers x-rays!

Everyone is exposed to some radiation every day. Cosmic radiation which comes from the sun is a form of Ionizing radiation; charged particles that go through our bodies all the time which unbalance us. But we are protected by most of them because the earth’s atmosphere absorbs much of this and deflects them before they reach us. So the higher you are the less atmosphere to protect you. And too much exposure can lead to tissue and genetic damage that cause cancer and other diseases.

We are all aware that the sun’s ultraviolet radiation can damage skin cells which may lead to skin cancers, but at a high energy it becomes ionizing radiation which can lead to chemical reactions inside cells and break DNA chains which mutate the cells and become cancerous. If it occurs in a sperm or egg it can result in birth defects which is why pregnant women should never be subjected to x-rays.

There is a tremendous amount of evidence that female flight attendants have higher rates of breast cancer then the rest of the population. We also must take into consideration that our life style of constantly crossing time zones can throw off our hormones, messes with our serotonin and dopamine which can also play a big part in causing cancer.

Luckily for most flight personnel, we don’t have to go through the body scanners because who wants that additional dose of radiation… But our Frequent Flyers are not so lucky. Although the machines they say are a very low level and not like an X-ray at all, experts claim the machines are not harmful. I believe it’s still too early to tell.

But although we are not going through the body scanners we are still at a higher risk. Robert Barish who is a physicist and author of “The Invisible Passenger: Radiation Risks For People Who Fly” says crewmembers are exposing themselves to more radiation than almost any other occupation out there.

So how much flying is too much?

There are two organizations “The U.S. National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements” and the “International Commission on Radiological Protection”. They both have established the radiation tolerance for air crews and the general public. A week’s worth of natural background radiation is about 2.4 mSv a year. The group goes on to say that one single long international flight will expose you to a weeks’ worth of natural background radiation. But airline employees definitely exceed the groups recommend limits.

What can we do? Well airline personnel certainly cannot quit or stop flying, first it’s just what they do, its their job and second its the way the general public gets around. But the price to pay could be our health. So how can we protect our health?

Since I obviously travel regularly here is what I do to keep my health while flying and being exposed to radiation. Remember the highest mountain in the world is 28,000 feet yet most of us think nothing of spending hours at 35,000 feet, an altitude that we humans were never designed to be exposed to. And in addition to radiation exposure while flying, radiation and radioactivity are everywhere, in the air we breathe, the water we drink and the food we eat. Our toxic overload just keeps getting greater.

Cleansing – We can bind radioactive particles and flush them out of our bodies. If not they will stay there and slowly work at destroying your health. We will succumb to unexplained symptoms of fatigue, weekend immune system and all sorts of conditions and diseases. Cleansing has been around for centuries. There are many cleanses out there, so be careful in choosing, the one I recommend is the Isagenix 9 Day cleansing and fat burning system. It is an all natural cleanse which focus on the full body not just any one organ. As opposed to other cleanses it also floods your body with the nutrients it badly needs, instead of depleting your body, all the while giving your digestive system the break it needs.

Regular Checkups – Because of the hazards of frequently flying regular checkups can catch problems early.

Baths to soak in at home to pull out all the accumulations of toxins in our body. This accumulated waste can impair our lymph system which relies on physical movement and sweating to rid itself of waste. Soaking in alkaline water will help rebalance your body’s internal p and relieve cellular inflammation.

Salt and Soda soak – The best bath to soak in is 2 cups of dead sea salt, kosher salt and 2 cups of baking soda. Add to bath water when 2/3 full and let it dissolve before entering.

Seaweed bath soak – Seaweed has a strong and powerful ionic charge that draws toxins out of bodily cells. You can purchase seaweed soaks at your local health food store, or right here at the Health Hub – Bath Salts and Soaks.

Epsom Salt Soak – This is my favorite because the magnesium in Epsom salt brings relief to stress and tension, so it’s the perfect soak after a long flight. Not only that but the magnesium assists in neutralizing and eliminating chemical toxins.

Magnesium helps to eliminate absorbed radiation and toxins, a great source of magnesium are dark leafy vegetables. I take one Isagenix Isa Flush a night, which is also a good magnesium supplement.

Foods rich in Pectin – Pectin binds to radioactive and chemical residues and removes them from the body. It acts as a natural chelating agent. Apples, guavas, plums, gooseberries, oranges and other citrus fruits. Be sure to wash all fruits. There is truth the the saying “An apple a day keeps the doctor away”

Flood your bodies with the nutrients it needs to safeguard your health. We need foods that will build up your immune system and help you recover from the damage caused by radiation exposure. We need food substances that will bind and flush contaminates right from your body. Health professionals have signified certain super greens and super fruits that infuse the body with phytonutrients to protect your health. Phytonutrients enhance your body’s natural detoxification pathways, which enable health and longevity. You might have heard of spirulina(one of the richest sources of vitamins, minerals, iron, protein and a host of other energizing and detoxifying nutrients) chlorella (which is a powerful detoxifier to safeguard against pollutants, chemicals and pesticides) and wheat grass,( contains dozens of minerals, including high concentrations of potassium, calcium, and magnesium) for example, which are super greens. Mangosteen, Star Fruit and Acai Berry are powerhouses of nutrition, too – which is why they’re called super fruits. These super foods can be your essential line of defense against environmental toxicity. There are many good super foods out there but the one I recommend to boost your body’s ability to clear toxins and replenish with optimal nutrition is Isagenix Greens and Isa Fruits. They contain the healthiest super greens and super fruits on the planet. They are the only one I have found that has a cold processing technique which features natural spray drying and concentration which preserves the phytonutrients.

Did you know that the US Dept of Agriculture recommends 7 – 13 servings of fruits and vegetables a day? Pretty hard to do anyway, now we’re on a plane, in a hotel and traveling. The Isagenix Fruits and Greens come in on-the-go packets which are great for frequent flyers and flight crews. I could not find other brands in this easy to go pack.

Fly when the sun is down. Most of the radiation is from the sun, so at night the earth is blocking most of it. You don’t get sunburned at night right? Well the same with radiation exposure. This may cost us some sleep, but for the frequent flyer it may be less expensive.

Astaxanthin is a powerful fat soluble carotenoid that will protect your cells. Studies show that there is an improvement in people’s ability to tolerate sun exposure. It can be found in fish, seafood and algae. The isagenix Greens contain this powerful nutrient. And Life Extension another company I highly recommend also has Astaxanthin.

Earthing/Grounding Pad – EMF’s and other electrical interference can disrupt your bodies bio-electrical communications causing weak electrical currents within your body. Wi-Fi only worsens the problem. Traveling on airplanes is a suspected cause of weakening bio-electric currents, as it disrupts the natural ground your body would receive when you’re connected naturally to the earth through your feet. An earthing pad, also known as a grounding pad is a great for your seat or jump seat. They are also ideal for your car.

Drink Water Not Soda – Sodas serve to synergistically worsen damage from radiation.

Walk Around on Long Flights – This is a no brainer for us Flight Attendants. But passengers especially the elderly need to move or walk around. Being immobile on a plane increases the risk that blood clots will develop and then lodge in the lungs (pulmonary embolism). To reduce this risk, avoid alcohol, wear loose clothing and avoid crossing your legs. Of course we cannot have 230 people walking around the aircraft but for a certain few this is a necessity. It’s better than an medical emergency on the airplane.

Eat Well and Avoid Junk Food – Unfortunately most of your options at hotels and airports are junk or processed foods. My advice is to avoid these altogether. This goes for the in flight meals that are nothing more than processed foods! Junk food is loaded with salt, sugar and will impair your immune system. The truth is that fasting is much better than eating junk food. Fasting does less to impair your body’s immune system. Pack your carry on with healthy snacks, choose organic raw almonds, healthy bars or protein shakes! Easy to do on the airplane and you will feel so much better. Choose carefully and make sure your snacks are organically based and not full of sugar. A few great nutrient dense snacks that are easy to travel with are, Isagenix Slim Cakes, Fiber Snacks, IsaLean Bars, IsaDelights and IsaLean Shakes. An easy Travel Shaker cup is also available. You can also find this type of cup at any Health Food Store.

Antioxidants – Most of the damage from radiation exposure is from oxidative damage which can lead to cancers and illnesses. The best preventive measure is to increase antioxidants or “free radical scavengers” in your body. One of the best supplements out there is the Ageless Essentials Daily Paks for Men or Women. I like it because it gives you everything you need and it’s in easy to travel paks!

In today’s day and age, it is almost impossible to avoid toxicity in any form. So lets be vigilant with our health, flood our bodies with nutrients, cleanse and detox. Lets give our bodies a fighting chance and help it be the miracle it was meant to be.

Joanne Calvacca is a Certified Nutritional Wellness Consultant and Isagenix Associate located in Montville/Morris County NJ

DISCLAIMER: These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration.

This information is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.

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The Italian Food Pyramid cuisines

The Italian food pyramid is a version of the US Department of Agriculture food pyramid but aimed at those who use them a Mediterranean diet, or Italian diet. The original food pyramid was designed to try and reverse the growing trend of heart disease and other diseases caused by bad nutrition and bad diet. In the US this is because the population has more than tendency to eat junk food and skimp on the essential vitamins provided by fruits and vegetables.

So how does the Italian food pyramid differ? The Italian food pyramid basically concentrates on more of the foods that make up the Mediterranean diet. There is much more of an emphasis on eating foods that have a plant origin. Not only are fruits and vegetables eaten a lot more by the Italians and Mediterranean’s, but they also eat many more grains, legumes, nuts, seeds, olives, and olive oil. This is always going to make for good healthy food, packed with vitamins and minerals. There is also much more emphasis on eating fish and shellfish at least twice a week.

Is been shown over the last few years that the healthiness of the Mediterranean diet has got a lot to do with the fact that Italians and Mediterranean on the whole have far less chronic diseases which are associated with the Western diet such as heart attacks and strokes etc. The Italian food pyramid is one of the most nutritious food pyramids in the world. It is also one of the tastiest food pyramids to follow. Italian cuisine, along with all Mediterranean cuisines, incorporates some of the best foods that are grown in the region.

How to Get Rid of Insomnia With Goji Berries – The Way to Good Sleep fruit healthTips

Insomnia is a very common problem in our stressed out lives today. You might be having the most comfortable bedroom and the softest bed but sleep might be far away from you. There are millions of people across the world who suffer from the problem of insomnia or very little sleep. Reasons may be many and some are totally unavoidable – so what can be done?

We choose to pop in pills that help to sleep – but how long? Soon your body will get used to such pills and they will no longer help you to fall asleep. This problem had initiated a lot of research in the past and soon we found a solution in the form of goji berries which helped people to sleep all through the night peacefully and that too naturally.

Goji berries are truly a wonder fruit available from the Himalayas and are known to aid everyone to fall asleep. These berries are enriched with several medicinal properties which are known to help in treating quite a few ailments. Magnesium and Thiamin contained in the berries makes this berry a little different from every other fruit which is available. Thiamin present in rich quantities in this berries helps to relax the body while magnesium helps the person to get into a deep sleep very easily and quickly. Those who consume goji berries never have any kind of problem with their sleep.

These berries are also known to stimulate the pituitary glands of the body, thereby helping to cure sleeplessness of the body. This happens only when these berries are consumed regularly – those who are eager to solve their problems related to sleeping habits and sleeplessness need to have adequate quantity of goji berry every day. It has been seen that obesity and excessive fat in the body is also responsible for lack of sleep – this is also controlled to a large extent by the consumption of goji berries. When people have goji berries it helps to drastically improve their memory and get rid of all excess fat from the body. The person is helped to relax a lot as these berries are also rich in various antioxidants which aids in good sleep.

It has been proved medically that those suffering from insomnia can benefit a lot from the consumption of such berries as goji berries have the ability to calm down the body. Those who wish to consume these berries to get rid of sleeping can have them in many different forms such as creams, capsules, bars and juices. These can also be consumed as health drinks in the form of tea which is very rejuvenating and refreshing. You can also purchase these berries in the array of a variety of products and as different health supplement which has various positive effects in our body, apart from promoting good sleep.

So, next time when feel the need having the dangerous seeping pills, it’s recommended you start using these berries for a good nights sleep and leave behind every other worry while you sleep to the content of your heart.

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The Best Vegetarian Weight Loss Plan For Gym Goers cuisines

If you are a gym enthusiast and are serious about sculpting your body, you know as well as I do that diet is the number one factor for obtaining washboard abs and a trim physique. Eating clean holds the promise of a fabulous body, loads of energy and peak health. If you are an animal lover and a fitness enthusiast, a vegetarian diet is the natural diet for you.

What is the best vegetarian weight loss plan? To get you started on a healthy vegetarian diet for active people, the easiest and surest way to success is to follow well designed meal plans that are already all planned out for you and that contain all the nutrients required for optimum health and weight. These meal plans should be low calorie, low fat but high in protein.

In my opinion, the best meal plans for active vegetarian or wannabe vegetarians are called Easy veggie meal plans. This weight loss plan is written by an award winning fitness trainer and takes all the guess work out of what to eat for a high protein, low calorie diet designed to make you lose any excess fat and sculpt your body in harmony with your routine at the gym.

We all know how important protein is in building hot, rock hard shapely muscle. But is it possible to have high protein vegetarian foods that can be just as good maybe even better that meat and fowl? If so, what are the best sources of vegetarian protein?

The best vegetarian weight loss plan includes lots of these top 10 sources of vegetarian protein, in a complete well balanced vegetarian diet:

Number 1: Tempeh is the winner for top vegan protein, topping the chart at 41 grams. Tempeh is made from soya beans just like tofu, but the beans are fermented much like cheese to create a totally different, chewier texture than tofu.

Number 2: Seitan: also known as wheat meat or wheat gluten. Even though it comes from wheat, it is not a carb, it`s a protein. It contains 31 grams per 3 oz! It resembles meat in look and can be made to taste like all kinds of meats, fish and seafood.

Number 3: Soya Beans are next up for most protein in a vegan food source. They have 29 grams in one cup. Edamame, baby soya beans are good as a snack or can be used in recipes in place of peas.

Number 4: Lentils are the most practical, quick cooking and versatile bean. It helps that they are also delicious and contain lots of protein 18 grams per cup. Tons and tons of recipes are out there for lentils.

Number 5: Black Beans – At 15 grams per cup, black beans are a popular favourite in Mexican and Latin American food.

Number 6: Kidney Beans and Veggie Burgers – While kidney beans are most popular in chilli, they are also delicious mashed up and made into burgers. Veggie burgers are an awesome source of protein and are available in the great majority of restaurants nowadays.

Number 7: Veggie Deli Slices – These are so delicious, portable and tasty while packing in 15 grams per 4 slices which are really easy on the taste buds. From turkey taste to salami, pepperoni, deli slices to Montreal smoked meat in low fat cruelty free options. Available in all grocery stores in the produce aisle.

Number 8: Chick peas – At 12 grams per cup, these tasty beans are very flexible and can be found plentifully in Lebanese cuisine such as in hummus, falafels, roasted whole, in pâtés or as tasty chickenless chicken salad.

Number 9: Baked Beans and Pinto Beans – Quick lunch when combined with veggie hot dogs, a portion of canned baked beans (the tomato sauce and maple syrup type are vegan) will add up to 22 grams of protein! The beans contain 12 grams of protein per cup. Pinto beans are popular in chillis, burritos and spicy Latino food.

Number 10: Tofu and tofu products – Tofu is THE most versatile vegetarian food. In my opinion, tofu does not get half the respect it deserves. Containing a significant amount of calcium, iron and 10 grams of protein, tofu is worth experimenting with.